Gerunds are verbs with -ing endings that act as nouns. 
They can be used as subjects or as objects.

Common uses:

  1. Gerunds as the names of actions and activities
    • I enjoy hiking in the mountains.
    • She loves swimming in the ocean.
    • Tomorrow we will go shopping for new shoes.
  1. Gerunds to discuss desires or intentions

    • His goal is winning the competition.
    • She dreams of traveling the world.
    • They are intent on opening a business.
  1. Gerunds as habits or routines

    • He starts his day by drinking a cup of tea.
    • They relax by reading books before bed.
    • He has a habit of biting his nails.

Check your understanding of Gerunds

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