Present Perfect Simple Tense

The present perfect tense can be used to talk about something that happened in the past, but has a connection to the present.

Positive: subject + have/has + past participle
Negative: subject + have/has + not + past participle
Question: Have/Has + subject + past participle?

Common uses:

1. To talk about an action that started in the past and continues up to the present

  • I have lived in this city for five months.
  • They have not been happy for years.
  • Has she worked at the same company since graduating?

2. To talk about an action that happened at an unspecified time in the past

  • He has visited Paris several times.
  • I haven’t seen that movie before.
  • Have they eaten there?

3. To talk about an action that was completed in the recent past and has a result in the present

  • I have just finished my homework.
  • She hasn’t eaten breakfast. (so she’s hungry now)
  • Have they recently bought a house?

Check your understanding of the present perfect simple tense

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