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Discussion Essay

Writing an EmSAT discussion essay involves presenting both sides of an argument and giving your opinion on the issue.
Here are the steps you can follow to write an effective discussion essay:

  1. Analyze the question: Carefully read the essay prompt and make sure you understand the key issues involved. Consider the different perspectives on the topic and decide which side you will take.
  2. Plan your essay: Decide on the structure of your essay and make a rough outline. A discussion essay typically has an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The body paragraphs should present the different viewpoints on the topic.
  3. Write your introduction: Begin your essay with an attention-grabbing statement that introduces the topic and your position. Provide background information and briefly outline the points you will cover in your essay.
  4. Present the different viewpoints: In the body paragraphs, present the different viewpoints on the topic and the evidence supporting them. Clearly indicate which viewpoint you are discussing and present the opposing argument in a fair and balanced way.
  5. State your opinion: In the final body paragraph, present your own opinion on the topic and explain the reasons for your position. Use evidence to support your arguments.
  6. Summarize your arguments: In your conclusion, summarize your arguments and restate your position. Provide a final thought on the topic and suggest any implications or solutions.
  7. Edit and proofread your essay: Review your essay and make sure it is well-organized, easy to read, and free from errors. Check for spelling and grammar mistakes and make sure your arguments are clear and persuasive.

By following these steps, you can write an effective EmSAT discussion essay that presents a balanced view of the topic and demonstrates your ability to analyze and present complex ideas.


Example Question and Essay

Many people believe that zoos are cruel and should be closed down. Others argue that zoos play an important role in conservation and education.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.

The debate surrounding zoos has been ongoing for many years. While some argue that they play an important role in conservation and education, others believe that zoos are cruel and should be closed down.

Those who support the role of zoos in conservation and education argue that they participate in breeding programs that help maintain the genetic diversity of endangered species. Zoos also provide educational opportunities for visitors, allowing them to learn about animals and the importance of conservation.

Those who support the closure of zoos argue that animals are confined to small enclosures that are not natural or suitable for their needs, which can lead to physical and psychological problems. Additionally, many zoos prioritize entertainment over animal welfare, subjecting animals to cruel training methods or making them perform unnatural behaviours for the amusement of visitors.

In my opinion, the negative aspects of zoos outweigh the potential benefits. While some zoos may participate in breeding programs and provide educational opportunities, this does not justify the harm that zoos inflict on animals. Zoos deprive animals of their natural habitats, subject them to cruel treatment, and can lead to a shorter lifespan. 

In conclusion, I believe that zoos should be closed down and replaced with alternative means of conservation and education that do not involve keeping animals in captivity. Wildlife documentaries and nature reserves that allow animals to live in natural habitats can provide educational opportunities while respecting the welfare of animals.

Check your understanding of how to write a discussion essay

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